The Italian Fiscal Code Number

The ItaliFacsimile Tessera Sanitariaan Fiscal Code Number

The Fiscal Code Number (Codice Fiscale, Italian taxpayers’ identification number (TIN), tax code, call it what you like) is a unique taxpayer code that identifies all individuals in their dealings with the Italian authorities  and is a mandatory requirement for a whole series of activities.

Every Italian baby gets a Codice Fiscale at birth, while foreigners have to apply to the Italian Tax Agency (Agenzia delle Entrate).

When Is a Codice Fiscale Needed?

The Codice Fiscale is required to:

• Open a bank account
• Sign an employment contract
• Work as a freelancer
• Sign utility contracts
• File tax returns, pay tax and get refunds
• Access the health system
• Purchase sell and rent properties
• Purchase motor vehicles
• Enter into HP/Finance Leasing contracts

There are other many other activities that require the Codice Fiscale.

How is the code determined?

For individuals the code consists of consists of 16 alphanumeric characters. The regulations governing the method of calculating the tax code is contained in a decree of the Ministry of Finance dated 23 December 1976.

There are several web-sites that can generate your tax code for you but the law provides that the only valid fiscal code is the one that is issued by the Tax Agency. An algorithm is used to calculate the tax code and works as follows:

Surname (three letters): The consonants of your surname are taken in their order (last name first, followed by the first name then second and so on). If there are not enough consonants, a vowel or vowel can be used, again in the order in which they appear and after the consonants. If a name has fewer than three letters, the code part is completed by adding the letter X;
Name (three letters): the consonants of your first name (or names, if there is more than one) in their order (first name, followed by the second and so on) with similar rules as with the surname;
Date of birth and gender: (five alphanumeric characters);
Birth Year (two digits): take the last two digits of the year of birth;
Month of birth (a letter): each month of the year is associated with a letter according to a table;
Day of birth and gender (two digits): the two digits of your birth day (if between 1 and 9 a zero is added as the first digit). For females the number 40 is added. In this way, the field contains both the date of birth and gender;
Municipality (or Country) of birth (four alphanumeric characters): taking from a standard table of municipality (Comune) and foreign country codes;
Final Control Number:From these fifteen alphanumeric characters a final control number is arrived at based on a special algorithm.

How to get a Code

You go to most tax offices (Agenzia delle Entrate) with your ID documents and request a code. Normally it will be assigned immediately nd without cost.  Youc an also apply, again, without cost at your local Italian Consultate.

We can help

Or you can ask us at Taxing.It – we can get our clients a fiscal code number entirely remotely. If you need any help or assistance to get your Codice Fiscale, we can help you!

2 Comments on The Italian Fiscal Code Number

  1. I do not live in Italy, I am not registered there, I do not own property in Italy nor do I have any income there. Due to family reasons, I am requested to apply for n Italian fiscal code. If I do, what liability can follow? Would I have to file taxes in Italy for income and property I have elsewhere? Would Italy tax me?

    • Your liability to tax in Italy depends on a series of factors none of which involve whether you have a fiscal code number or note. The factors I’m talking about are tax residence, source of the income, location of assets, type of income, type of tax, etc etc. These rules are complex, but I cannot think of any example where the fiscal code number is relevant in the analysis. If you do not have any liability to Italian tax you do not need to file a return, so simply having a fiscal code number in itself will not require you to file a return.

      Of course having a fiscal code raises the holders “visibility” but this should be of concern only to those seeking to stay below the radar to evade tax liabilities which exist anyway due to the rules I mentioned above.

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